Die zweite Rede in Ethik muss natürlich noch ausgefallener als die erste sein. Während ich damals noch als Teil der kommemorierenden Rede eine Ladung Wasser in mein Gesicht klatschte, geht es jetzt ans Eingemachte: Einen Striptease.
Die informative Rede
Meine informative Rede handelt über das Thema “Körpersprache”. Wenn wir andere Menschen wahrnehmen, geschieht das nur zu einem kleinen Teil durch den Inhalt, was sie sagen. Weitaus wichtiger ist es für uns, die Körpersprache und Tonalität unseres Gesprächspartners zu beobachten und unterbewusst zu interpretieren. Als Redner ist es besonders wichtig, sich der eigenen Körpersprache bewusst zu werden – und gleichzeitig das Publikum besser interpretieren zu können.
Im Beginn der Rede trage ich einen Anzug. Kleidung ist ebenso ein Ausdruck des Körpers – doch was, wenn… ich meine Hosen herunterziehe?
Kurze beklommene Stille im Raum, als meine Anzughosen fallen, dann erleichtertes lachen, da ich eine kurze Sporthose darunter trage. Innerhalb von drei Minuten habe ich alles komplett abgestrippt und erlaube mir einen hochroten Kopf irgendwann in der Mitte.
Hier also die Rede:
Saying It Without Words
Title: Saying It Without Words
Attention Getter: Wouldn’t it be wonderful to sometimes know what others are thinking? To get closer to this dream, it is a good idea to learn about body language.
Importance of Speech: In you everyday life, all you do is communicate. Reading others’ body language and watching the own can change the way people perceive you and can change yourself. Here, we are in a Speech class, and being aware of your body language will help you to improve your speaking skills.
Central Theme: I will talk about the importance of being aware of body language as the main part of communication.
Main Point I: I will tell you how body language works and what it is.
Main Point II: Then I will concentrate on showing you relationship between body language and self-confidence.
Expertise/ Credibility: I took acting classes and studied peoples behavior by myself because I am interested in what humans do and think.
Expectance of Speech: You will learn more about expression and your own body.
Transitional Sentence: So, we have to take a look at what body language actually is, before we can find out how to watch out for it and incorporate it in our speeches.
Main Point I: What is body language and how it works
The content of what we say is just a little part of communication – most of the information we convey to others is being transported through tone of voice, posture and gestures. We “talk” with our bodies.
Sub-Point1: What we feel and think is expressed by our bodies – this relation between mind and body is called “psychosomatic”. We do this to the most part subconsciously, meaning, we don’t know that we are doing it. Our body becomes a mirror to what we think – when we are nervous, sad, angry, critical, shy, lonely, uncomfortable, happy, surprised, undecided… and everyone else expresses their feelings through their bodies as well. When I started to observe people in Vienna and read books about body language, I realized this whole new world around me, I could “see the matrix”. Observe how I stand here, observe, how others hold their speeches, observe how you yourself hold your speech.
Support A: Observe each other. Look around in the class. People picking their noses? Sitting with crossed arms? Limbs spread out or tightly together? Do you see a difference in posture? Look at yourself, what are you doing?
Every action reflects a certain thought or feeling. Of course, there is no universal law and sometimes gestures or postures happen at random, but in most cases, you will be able to read something out of the body language. Watch a movie on mute, and you may be able to get some of the content. Watch a Pixar movie on mute, and you will see that the feelings are exaggeratedly shown in body language.
Support B (Source): “It is often easy to recognize a person by its walk, even at a distance” [Kurtz, Ron, The Body Reveals, Self Published, 1976, P. 3]
Sub-Point2: Our voice affects how we are perceived. Humans subconsciously derive information out of our tonality, speed, breathing rhythm, the kind of words we choose and then make a judgement based on this information. How we feel about a certain topic can often be understood clearer through voice itself than through the said content.
Support A: When somebody says sorry for something, but you feel they don’t really mean it, then you derive this information from body language and mainly from tonality. When you tell a lie, the content of what you say and what your body says become inconsistent, which is an indicator for a lie. Some people are more sensitive to these subconscious signals.
Support B (Source): In public speaking, words, tonality and body language are the only means we have to relate to one another our individual understandings, experiences and feelings. [http://www.hodu.com/rule.shtml]
Sub-Point 3: Our body affects what we think – this is called “Somatopsychic”.
Support A: When you smile, you will feel automatically happier than when displaying a straight mouth. When you breathe slowly, you get automatically calm.
Support B: (Source/ Visual Aid) “In fact, just by encouraging breath alone we often find that many people come in contact with repressed emotions and feelings.” ” [Kurtz, Ron, The Body Reveals, Self Published, 1976, P. 79]
Transitional Statement: Knowing something about body language, let’s apply it.
Main Point II: Body Language and Self Confidence
Confidence has a lot to do with body language – in the sense that you yourself feel more confident and that other people perceive you as more confident. For a speaker, confidence is an important virtue.
Sub-Point1: Posture is the main factor in feeling confident. When you let your shoulders hang forward, your body leaning and hanging, then you will feel weak.
Support A, B (Source): Everyone, stand up and have the un-confidentest posture you can imagine. Do you start feeling it? First, overstretch a bit and then relax slightly. Your chest is one of the most important parts; imagine that it has to point upwards. Display your chest and breathe deeply. Have your arms hanging loosely relaxed hanging down on the side, feel your hands being open. [Act&Fun Academy, Vienna, 2007, Body Language class 1]
Sub-Point 2: Voice. Your way of talking is to a certain extent an expression of what you really mean.
Support A, B (Source): The same amount of air is used for speaking with a squeezed voice or a resonant one. Take babies as an example, they have a very small body and therefore a small resonance space, but can scream really loudly. We as adults are often pressured to keep our voices down and withhold our feelings; this is being projected on using much more air for talking than we would actually need. Stage actors sometimes have no microphone, so they have to learn to speak loud and clearly while using the least amount of energy. Take a deep breath and just make an “AAAA” sound. While you do that, stretch, bring your chest out, look straight – and you will notice the increase of resonance. [Act&Fun Academy, Vienna, 2007, Phonetics class 1]
Sub-Point 3: Gestures are very important contributors to appearance. With them, you establish a connection to the person you are talking to, with your hands you can touch others or draw shapes that support what you mean. As a speaker, use big gestures that everyone can see.
Support A: Having your arms crossed over your chest or in your pockets signalizes that you need to protect yourself or hide hands which could do nervous things. Hands behind the back that you may have something to hide. When you speak, talk with the palms of your hands facing the audience; you show them the archaic sign that you don’t carry weapons.
Support B: (Source/ Visual Aid) [drawing on board]
Transitional Statement: These are strategies to get more aware of your body and what you are signaling with it.
Attention Getter: (Different than introduction): From now on you will be a little more aware of the language that everyone around you is speaking without saying words.
Restate Importance of Speech: You as speakers can make use of this to understand subconscious feedback of your audience.
Restate Central Thesis: Body language is often more important than actual spoken language.
Restate Main Point I: Through our gestures, posture and voice we convey information to other people.
Restate Main Point II: By influencing your body language, you can influence your confidence.
Restate Expectation of Speech: I hope I got you interested in the field of body language and you may see the world with other eyes now. Thank you.